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Zajednica ljudi s osjetljivom kožom raste iz godine u godinu. Blogovi i vlogovi posvećeni ovoj temi munjevito su se raširili, a studije pokazuju da je čak 60% ljudi u toj skupini. No iako pogađa većinu, o osjetljivoj se koži često malo zna. Zašto?

Osjetljiva koža: često nevidljivo stanje

Sensitive skin can be hard to diagnose, even professionally, for a very simple reason: it is defined by what women feel, not by what the physician sees in the clinic.

From the woman’s perspective, sensitive skin is a distressing daily reality. Skin prickles, stings, flushes and burns in response to the environment, diet or daily care products.

From the dermatologist’s perspective, sensitive skin can look a little red or dry, but its appearance is essentially normal.

Dakle, smatrate da imate osjetljivu kožu. No, koji tip?

There is not one, but a whole spectrum of skin sensitivity. Knowing which type of sensitive skin you have is the first step in making peace with your skin and adopting a routine adapted to your diagnosis.

The Sensitest interactive tool is a quick and easy way of discovering where your skin sits on the sensitivity spectrum – ask your pharmacist about it today.

Sensitest uses a series of simple questions to match your sensitivity to one of the following grades:

  • Sensitive: feels discomfort sensations permanently.
  • Reactive: reacts to internal/external factors such as temperature variations, stress, pollution etc.
  • Allergic: reacts to specific allergens in daily care products and the environment.
  • Atopic: suffers from conditions like eczema or contact dermatitis.
  • Redness-prone: has visible blood vessels, localized redness and flushing sensations.

And whatever your sensitivity grade, the Sensitest pinpoints the daily care products best suited to manage your skin’s specific needs.

Dermatološka stvarnost osjetljive kože

Što može potaknuti reakcije kod osjetljive kože?

The common aggravating factors basically fall into three categories, evidenced by major studies led by La Roche-Posay over consumers coming from 8 different countries

Environmental (59.8%)*: changes in temperature or humidity can bring on intense discomfort, as can sun exposure, pollution and even pollen exposure.

Skincare products (55.1%)*: some contain potential irritants, like fragrances or colorants. Nickel is a common allergen found in many cosmetics.

The third category is internal factors: psychological stress (34.7%)* as well as lifestyle choices such as smoking, spicy foods or alcohol can all trigger sensitive skin to react with redness and discomfort.

*opservacijska studija na 3.800 pacijenata u 8 zemalja

Što zapravo uzrokuje osjetljivu kožu?

The root cause is skin’s own defense system that is no longer doing its job correctly.
Healthy skin has a protective barrier called the hydrolipidic film, which acts like a shield to stop irritants from reaching the deeper skin layers.
This defense shield also holds in moisture and is critical in maintaining skin’s firmness, elasticity, and above all its comfort!

In sensitive skin, this barrier is weakened, leaving skin vulnerable to “nasties”, as well as changes in temperature and humidity.
Overexposed to irritants and environmental changes, skin thinks it’s in danger and sends out warning signals, leading leading to tightness, tingling, dryness and occassional redness.

Zašto koža tako jako reagira?

Koža ima nevjerojatan splet živaca s oko 12 završetaka po kvadratnom centimetru. Kod osjetljive su kože ovi živčani završeci hipersenzitivni i odašilju mozgu puno više signala za opasnost nego živci normalne kože. Živci zapravo normalne podražaje doživljavaju kao štetne i to i pri najmanjem podražaju dovodi do osjećaja neugode.

Kako smanjiti osjetljivost kože?

Najvažnije je da ne gubite nadu – moguće je smanjiti osjetljivost kože.
Nisu sve osjetljive kože jednake, stoga je posebna dnevna rutina trebala biti utemeljena na dijagnozi Sensitestom, no postoje općeniti savjeti koji se mogu primijeniti:

  • Eliminate aggravating factors. Keep a diary of which factors bring on your symptoms – foods, alcohol, air conditioning – and try to avoid them if you can.
  • Don’t strip skin’s protective barrier with harsh products like alkaline soaps. The best cleansers for sensitive skin are gentle milks or micellar waters applied with a cotton pad.
  • Replenish skin’s surface lipids to restore its hydrolipidic film using a high-tolerance moisturizer for sensitive skin.